400 Canadian Academics Demand CRA Stop Auditing Progressive Think-Tank

by: Obert Madondo  | Published Mon. Sept 15, 2014

Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) national headquarters in Ottawa. (Photo: OBERT MADONDO/The Canadian Progressive)

Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) national headquarters in Ottawa. (Photo: OBERT MADONDO/The Canadian Progressive)

More than 420 Canadian academics have written to the federal Minister of National Revenue demanding that the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) immediately stop auditing the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA).

While acknowledging the CRA’s role of auditing charities to prevent abuses of charitable status, the academics content that the CRA’s audit of the prominent left-leaning think-tank is politically-motivated and “fails to understand the nature of what academic research is all about.”

“The CCPA is an internationally-recognized and respected research centre, built on a solid tradition of critical analysis,” stated the letter. “Indeed, the CCPA plays a vital role by supplying much needed reflection on a number of policies, which it has always done in a fair and unbiased way, and which respects the fundamental tools of sound research.”

The CRA has lately come under fire for auditing environmental charities, foreign aid organizations and other groups seen as critical to the Harper government. The agency has insisted that its audits aren’t politically directed.

“The CRA does not conduct research into the political views of any charity, and it does not base its decision to audit any charities on this criterion,” CRA spokesperson Noel Carisse, told The Canadian Press in August.

The academics also questioned the CRA’s apparent failure to audit conservative think tanks like the Fraser Institute, “whose policy conclusions are friendlier toward current government policies.” They demanded a moratorium on CRA audits of think tanks “to ensure that the audit process does not silence dissenting voices.”

Here’s the full text of the letter:

The Honourable Kerry-Lynne D. Findlay, P.C., Q.C.

Minister of National Revenue

c.c.: Kathy Hawara, Director General of the Charities Division, Canada Revenue Agency

Dear Minister Findlay,

Recently, we were informed through reports in a number of newspapers that the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) has undertaken an audit of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) on the grounds that it allegedly engages in politically partisan, biased and one-sided research activity.

While we understand the need to prevent abuses of the charitable status, we are rather perplexed at CRA’s decision to perform the audit on this basis. The CCPA is an internationally-recognized and respected research centre, built on a solid tradition of critical analysis. Indeed, the CCPA plays a vital role by supplying much needed reflection on a number of policies, which it has always done in a fair and unbiased way, and which respects the fundamental tools of sound research. They have produced much-needed research on many disparate topics, such as on income and wealth distribution, the hidden government support of the Canadian banking sector during the financial crisis, and an analysis of alternative federal fiscal policy implementation annually. Since these various research studies are academically all of very high quality, you can therefore imagine how this news took us by surprise.

By undertaking this audit, we feel that CRA fails to understand the nature of what academic research is all about. Research begins from a series of questions and observations, and, from there, it proceeds, following a set of guidelines, to infer possible answers. In this sense, it contests. All research in fact is critical, by its very definition: it tests hypotheses, seeks answers, and must be allowed to find these answers wherever it can.

But critical policy analysis does not equate with political activism, nor is it “biased” or “one-sided”, as CRA has claimed. Researchers explore specific questions of interest, and then present the results of their research. Reaching a conclusion is not the same as bias. To illustrate, a CCPA researcher explored the issue of what would be the appropriate exchange rate regime for Canada and then concluded that a floating exchange rate was desirable to alternative types of exchange rate mechanisms because the former allowed the public authorities to conduct independent macroeconomic policies. The fact that this conclusion turned out to be similar to the policy view of the Bank of Canada does not make the CCPA researcher any more political than if the researcher would have produced that same research independently within his/her respective university.

The CCPA is not a political organization, nor does it engage in political or partisan activities. The fact that it has criticized government policy on a number of issues does not make it a partisan organization promoting a narrow agenda. Rather, it is engaging in serious, unbiased academic research. It may reach a different set of conclusions from those of the government, but then, this is allowed in a free-thinking, democratic country. On the contrary, we would argue, that such dissent should be encouraged and not stifled by such actions of the CRA.

Indeed, if there is bias, the bias seems to be mostly in the CRA’s decision to audit the CCPA and apparently no other think tanks, whose policy conclusions are friendlier toward current government policies. We are not aware of any audits being launched regarding “bias” at conservative think tanks like the Fraser Institute; some have publicly confirmed that they are not being audited (including the Macdonald-Laurier Institute and the C.D. Howe Institute). We are therefore left with the conclusion that the decision to audit the CCPA is politically motivated to intimidate and silence its criticism of your government’s policies.

We therefore strongly urge the CRA to put a moratorium on its audits of think tanks, until such time as a truly neutral criteria and auditing process are implemented to ensure neutrality and fairness, and to ensure that the audit process does not silence dissenting voices. Periodic audit should be conducted in a fair, transparent, and even-handed fashion across all the various think-tanks that claim charitable status in Canada, with a focus on financial management and integrity (not on the content of the research being conducted). Why single out only one such research centre that happens to be more critical of government policy? Instead of trying to muzzle and impede sound and legitimate research, it is now time for you to try to promote more effectively the public good in the form of sound critical research for which Canadian researchers are respected internationally.

Sincerely,

Signed (alphabetically by 422 Canadian academics in post-secondary institutions):

1. Teresa Abbruzzese, Social Science, York University
2. Abdella Abdou, Economics, Brandon University
3. Frances Abele, School of Public Policy and Administration, Carleton University
4. Zelda Abramson, Sociology, Acadia University
5. Roy J. Adams, Industrial Relations, University of Saskatchewan/Human Rights, McMaster University
6. Laurie E. Adkin, Political Science and Environmental Studies, University of Alberta
7. Haroon Akram-Lodhi, International Development Studies, Trent University
8. Greg Albo, Political Science, York University
9. Pilar Riaño Alcalá, School of Social Work, University of British Columbia
10. David Alper, École de service social, Université de Saint-Boniface
11. Sharon Alward, School of Art, University of Manitoba
12. Caroline Andrew, Political Studies, University of Ottawa
13. Joel Anthony, Biostatistics, University of Waterloo
14. Kelly Anthony, Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo
15. Maria Fernanda Arentsen, Littérature/langue espagnole, Université de Saint‑Boniface
16. Hugh Armstrong, Social Work, Political Economy, and Sociology, Carleton University
17. Michael Asch, Anthropology, University of Alberta
18. Tildiz Atasoy, Sociology and Anthropology, Simon Fraser University
19. Patricia Ballamingie, Geography & Environmental Studies, Carleton University
20. Fletcher Baragar, Economics, University of Manitoba
21. Chris Barrington-Leigh, Institute for Health and Social Policy, McGill University
22. Tuna Baskoy, Politics and Public Administration, Ryerson University
23. Milford Bateman, International Development Studies, St Mary’s University
24. Raluca Bejan, Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto
25. David Bell, Law, University of New Brunswick
26. Nicole S. Berry, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University
27. Manfred Bienefeld, School of Public Policy and Administration, Carleton University
28. Greg Bird, Sociology, Wilfrid Laurier University
29. Karen Bird, Political Science, McMaster University
30. Anne-Emanuelle Birn, School of Public Health, University of Toronto
31. Andrew Biro, Politics, Acadia University
32. Katherine Bischoping, Sociology, York University
33. David Black, Political Science, Dalhousie University
34. Gary Bloch, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto
35. John Bogardus, Sociology and Anthropology, Simon Fraser University
36. Marleny Bonnycastle, Social Work, University of Manitoba
37. Karine Côté-Boucher, Criminologie, Université de Montréal
38. Hassan Bougrine, Economics, Laurentian University
39. Philippe Bourdin, French Studies, Glendon College, York University
40. Dominique Bourque, Women’s Studies Institute, University of Ottawa
41. Susan Braedley, School of Social Work, Carleton University
42. Linda Briskin, Social Science/School of Women’s Studies, York University
43. Darlene A. Brodeur, Psychology, Acadia University
44. Neil Brooks, Osgoode Hall Law School
45. Christine Bruckert, Criminology, University of Ottawa
46. Robert Brym, Sociology, University of Toronto
47. Jerry Buckland, Dean Menno Simons College, Affiliated with University of Winnipeg
48. Michael Byers, Political Science, University of British Columbia
49. James Cairns, Society, Culture, and Environment, Wilfrid Laurier University
50. John Calvert, Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University
51. Barbara Cameron, Political Science, York University
52. John Cameron, International Development Studies, Dalhousie University
53. Maxwell A. Cameron, Political Science, University of British Columbia
54. David Camfield, Labour Studies and Sociology, University of Manitoba
55. Eduardo Canel, Social Science, York University
56. Liesel Carlsson, School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Acadia University
57. R. Nicholas Carleton, Psychology, University of Regina
58. William K. Carroll, Sociology, University of Victoria
59. Angela V. Carter, Political Science, University of Waterloo
60. Adrienne Chambon, Social Work, University of Toronto
61. Chris Chapman, School of Social Work, York University
62. Jean Chapman, Simone de Beauvoir Institute, Concordia University
63. Lanyan Chen, Social Welfare and Social Development, Nipissing University
64. Robert Chernomas, Economics, University of Manitoba
65. Christopher Churchill, History and Global Studies, Alfred University, Alfred, NY
66. Stephen Clarkson, Political Science, University of Toronto
67. Michael Clow, Sociology, St. Thomas University
68. William D. Coleman, Political Science, University of Waterloo
69. Ken Collier, Social Work and Integrated Studies, University of Regina and Athabasca University
70. Thomas Collombat, sciences sociales, Université du Québec en Outaouais
71. Elizabeth Comack, Sociology, University of Manitoba
72. Bruce Connell, Linguistics and Language Studies, Glendon College, York University
73. John Conway, Sociology and Social Studies, University of Regina
74. Paul Craven, Social Science, York University
75. María Cristina Cuervo, Spanish and Linguistics, University of Toronto
76. Dara Culhane, Sociology and Anthropology, Simon Fraser University
77. Frank Cunningham, Political Science and Philosophy, University of Toronto
78. Richard Cunningham, English and Theatre, Acadia University
79. Raymond F. Currie, Sociology, University of Manitoba
80. Lykke de la Cour, Social Science, York University
81. Darrell Crooks, School of Engineering, Acadia University
82. Charles Daviau, Northern Development and Labour Studies, Laurentian University
83. Henry Davis, Linguistics, University of British Columbia
84. Maneesha Deckha, Faculty of Law, University of Victoria
85. Jessica Dempsey, School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria
86. Deborah Dergousoff, Sociology/Anthropology, Simon Fraser University
87. Radhika Desai, Political Studies, University of Manitoba
88. Mitch Diamantopoulos, School of Journalism, University of Regina
89. Harry Diaz, Sociology and Social Studies, University of Regina
90. D. Dimitrova, Sociology, York University
91. Alexandra Dobrowolsky, Political Science, Saint Mary’s University
92. Joe Dolecki, Economics, Brandon University
93. C. J. Doran, Social Science, University of New Brunswick
94. Katie Dorman, Resident Physician, University of Toronto
95. Sara Dorow, Sociology, University of Alberta
96. Hadi Dowlatabadi, Institute for Resources Environment & Sustainability, University of British Columbia
97. Paul Downes, Department of English, University of Toronto
98. Daniel Drache, Political Science, York University
99. Sabine Dreher, International Studies, Glendon College, York University
100. Lindsay DuBois, Sociology and Social Anthropology, Dalhousie University
101. David F. Duke, History and Classics, Acadia University
102. Peter Dungan, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto
103. Emily Eaton, Geography, University of Regina
104. Patricia W. Elliott, School of Journalism, University of Regina
105. Christo El Morr, Faculty of Health, York University
106. Kimberly Ellis-Hale, Sociology,Wilfrid Laurier University
107. Peter R. Elson, School of Public Administration, University of Victoria
108. John Eustace, English and Theatre, Acadia University
109. Bryan Evans, Politics and Public Administration, Ryerson University
110. Matthew Farish, Geography, University of Toronto
111. Leesa Fawcett, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University
112. Sue Ferguson, Digital Media and Journalism, Wilfrid Laurier University
113. Maria Figueredo, Languages, Literatures and Linguistics, York University
114. Len Findlay, English, University of Saskatchewan
115. Liz Fitting, Sociology & Social Anthropology, Dalhousie University
116. Marco Fonseca, International Studies, York University
117. John W. Foster, Sociology, Carleton University
118. Karen Foster, Sustainable Rural Futures for Atlantic Canada, Dalhousie University
119. Ruth A. Frager, History, McMaster University
120. David Frank, History, University of New Brunswick
121. Lesley Frank, Sociology, Acadia University
122. Sid Frankel, Social Work, University of Manitoba
123. Myron J. Frankman, Economics, McGill University
124. Harriet Friedmann, Sociology, University of Toronto
125. Don Fuchs, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
126. Kathryn Furlong, Géographie, Université de Montréal
127. Lynda Gagné, School of Public Administration, University of Victoria
128. Marc-André Gagnon, School of Public Policy and Administration, Carleton University
129. Jim Gerlach, Chemistry and Biochemistry, Wilfrid Laurier University
130. Nicole Gombay, Géographie, Université de Montréal.
131. L. Good Gingrich, School of Social Work and Centre for Refugee Studies, York University
132. Maya K. Gislason, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University
133. Rebecca Godderis, Society, Culture and Environment & Health Studies, Wilfrid Laurier University
134. Luin Goldring, Sociology, York University
135. Todd Gordon, Society, Culture and Environment, Laurier University
136. Rachel Gorman, School of Health Policy and Management, York University
137. Gwendolyn Gosek, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
138. Matheus Grasselli, The Fields Institute, University of Toronto
139. Donald Grayston, Humanities, Simon Fraser University
140. Hirsch Greenberg, Justice Studies, University of Regina
141. Marjorie Griffin Cohen, Political Economy, Simon Fraser University
142. Ricardo Grinspun, Economics, York University
143. Julie Guard, History and Labour Studies, University of Manitoba
144. Satya Dev Gupta, Economics, St. Thomas University
145. Ratiba Hadj-Moussa, Women’s Studies, York University
146. Judy Haiven, Management, Saint Mary’s University
147. Donalda Halabuza, Social Work, University of Regina
148. Derek Hall, Political Science/Balsillie School of International Affairs, Wilfrid Laurier University
149. Peter Hall, Urban Studies, Simon Fraser University
150. Deana Halonen, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
151. Paul A. Hamel, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto
152. Roberta Hamilton, Sociology, Queen’s University
153. Trevor Hancock, School of Public Health and Social Policy, University of Victoria
154. Roy Hanes, Social Work, Carleton University
155. Frédéric Hanin, Industrial Relations, Université Laval
156. Bob Hanke, Communication Studies and Humanities, York University
157. Stacey Hannem, Criminology, Wilfrid Laurier University
158. James Hare, Biological Sciences, University of Manitoba
159. Kathryn Harrison, Political Science, University of British Columbia
160. Trevor Harrison, Sociology, University of Lethbridge
161. Terry Heaps, Economics, Simon Fraser University
162. Tuula Heinonen, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
163. Judith Adler Hellman, Political and Social Science, York University
164. Stephen Hellman, Political Science, York University
165. Roderick Hill, Economics, University of New Brunswick
166. John Holmes, Geography, Queen’s University
167. Jennie Hornosty, Sociology, University of New Brunswick
168. Ian Hudson, Economics, University of Manitoba
169. Mark Hudson, Sociology, University of Manitoba
170. Peter Hudson, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
171. Judy Hughes, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
172. Sally Humphries, International Development Studies, University of Guelph
173. Suzan Ilcan, Sociology, University of Waterloo, and Balsillie School of International Affairs
174. Shin Imai, Osgoode Hall Law School
175. Gustavo Indart, Economics, University of Toronto
176. Christopher Innes, Performance & Culture, York University
177. Andrew Jackson, Political Science, York University
178. Matt James, Political Science, University of Victoria
179. Jane Jenson, science politique, Université de Montréal
180. Rebecca Johnson, Faculty of Law, University of Victoria
181. Miriam Jones, Humanities & Languages, University of New Brunswick
182. Eric Kam, Economics, Ryerson University
183. Burc Kayahan, Economics, Acadia University
184. Dip Kapoor, International Education, University of Alberta
185. LLan Kapoor, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University
186. Rita Kaur Dhamoon, Political Science, University of Victoria
187. Larry Kazdan, Accounting, British Columbia Institute of Technology
188. Paul Kingston, Centre for Critical Development Studies, University of Toronto
189. Mustafa Koc, Sociology, Ryerson University
190. Lisa Kowalchuk, Sociology and Anthropology, University of Guelph
191. Robert B. Kristofferson, Society, Culture & Environment/History, Wilfred Laurier University
192. Rod Kueneman, Sociology, University of Manitoba
193. Peter Kulchyski, Native Studies, University of Manitoba
194. Dany Lacombe, Sociology and Anthropology, Simon Fraser University
195. Rosanna Langer, Law and Justice, Laurentian University
196. David Langille, Social Sciences, York University
197. Marc Lavoie, Economics, University of Ottawa
198. James Lawson, Political Science, University of Victoria
199. David Leadbeater, Economics, Laurentian University
200. Michael A. Lebowitz, Economics, Simon Fraser University
201. Joelle Leclaire, Economics, SUNY Buffalo State, NY
202. Paul Leduc Browne, Sciences sociales, Université du Québec en Outaouais
203. Leah Levac, Political Science and Community Engaged Scholarship, University of Guelph
204. Jacqueline Levitin, School for the Contemporary Arts (Film)/Gender, Simon Fraser University
205. Joel Lexchin, School of Health Policy and Management, York University
206. Myra Leyden, Joint Centre for Bioethics, University of Toronto
207. Ernie Lightman, Social Policy, University of Toronto
208. Abby Lippman, Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University
209. Carla Lipsig-Mummé, Social Science, York University
210. Margaret Little, Political Studies, Queens University
211. Cynthia Loch-Drake, Schulich School of Business, York University
212. Carlos David Londoño Sulkin, Anthropology, University of Regina
213. José López, Sociology and Anthropology, University of Ottawa
214. John Loxley, Economics, University of Manitoba
215. Lucy Luccisano, Sociology, Wilfrid Laurier University
216. Colleen Lundy, School of Social Work, Carleton University
217. Eleanor MacDonald, Political Studies, Queen’s University
218. Gayle MacDonald, Sociology, St. Thomas University
219. Heidi MacDonald, History, University of Lethbridge
220. Ian MacDonald, École de relations industrielles, Université de Montréal
221. Kenneth Ian MacDonald, Human Geography and City Studies, University of Toronto
222. Laura Macdonald, Institute of Political Economy Carleton University
223. Shauna MacKinnon, Urban and Inner City Studies, University of Winnipeg
224. Brian MacLean, Economics, Laurentian University
225. André Magnan, Sociology and Social Studies, University of Regina
226. Warren Magnusson, Political Science, University of Victoria
227. Terrill Maguire, Faculty Fine Arts, Dance, York University
228. Rianne Mahon, Political Science, Wilfrid Laurier University
229. Paul Makdissi, Economics, University of Ottawa
230. David Mandel, Science politique, Université du Québec à Montréal
231. Geoff Mann, Geography, Simon Fraser University
232. Michael Markwick, School of Communication, Capilano University
233. Alina Marquez, Social Science, York University
234. Greg Marquis, History and Politics, University of New Brunswick
235. Dominique Masson, Institute of Feminist and Gender Studies, University of Ottawa
236. María Inés Matínez, French, Spanish and Italian, University of Manitoba
237. Atsuko Matsuoka, School of Social Work, York University
238. Lisa Matthewson, Linguistics, University of British Columbia
239. Stephen McBride, Political Science, McMaster University
240. Margaret McCallum, Faculty of Law, University of New Brunswick
241. Dianne McCormack, Applied Science and Engineering, University of Brunswick
242. Joan McFarland, Economics/Women’s and Gender Studies, St. Thomas University
243. Elizabeth W. McGahan, History and Politics, University of New Brunswick
244. Martha McGinnis-Archibald, Linguistics, University of Victoria
245. Kim McGrail, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia
246. Susan McGrath, School of Social Work & Centre for Refugee Studies, York University
247. Tom McIntosh, Politics and International Studies, University of Regina
248. Sheila McIntyre, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa
249. Brad McKenzie, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
250. Marcia McKenzie, College of Education, University of Saskatchewan
251. J.J. McMurtry, Social Science, York University
252. David McNally, Political Science, York University
253. James McNinch, Faculty of Education, University of Regina
254. Rick Mehta, Psychology, Acadia University
255. Ryan Meili, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
256. Merouan Mekouar, International Development Studies, York University
257. Margie Mendell, School of Community and Public Affairs, Concordia University
258. Franklin Mendivil, Mathematics and Statistics, Acadia University
259. Adèle Mercier, Philosophy, Queen’s University
260. Michael M’Gonigle, Faculty of Law, University of Victoria
261. Lisa Mills, Public Policy and Administration, Carleton University
262. Barbara A. Mitchell, Sociology & Gerontology, Simon Fraser University
263. Douglas Moggach, Political Studies and Philosophy, University of Ottawa
264. Haideh Moghissi, Equity Studies, York University
265. Esteve Morera, Philosophy and Political Science, York University
266. Dawn Morgan, English, St. Thomas University
267. Marina Morrow, Centre for the Study of Gender, Social Inequities and Mental Health, Simon Fraser University
268. James P. Mulvale, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
269. Allan Moscovitch, Social Work, Carleton University
270. Tiffany Muller Myrdahl, Gender, Sexuality and Women’s Studies, Simon Fraser University
271. Jan O. Murie, Biological Sciences, University of Alberta
272. Brenda L. Murphy, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Society, Culture and Environment, Wilfred Laurier University
273. Tony Myatt, Economics, University of New Brunswick
274. Eric Mykhalovskiy, Sociology, York University
275. John Myles, Sociology and School of Public Policy and Governance, University of Toronto
276. Eric Newstadt, Politics, Acadia University
277. Winnie Ng, Social Justice and Democracy, Ryerson University
278. Michael Nijhawan, Sociology, York University
279. Kendra Nixon, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
280. Liisa L. North, Political Science, York University
281. Richard W. Nutter, Social Work, University of Calgary
282. Nicole O’Byrne, Faculty of Law, University of New Brunswick
283. Anne O’Connell, School of Social Work, York University
284. Paul Orlowski, Educational Foundations, University of Saskatchewan
285. Lars Osberg, Economics, Dalhousie University
286. Gerardo Otero, Sociology and Anthropology, Simon Fraser University
287. Karen Palmer, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University
288. Leo Panitch, Political Science, York University
289. Sylvie Paquerot, Études politiques, Université d’Ottawa
290. Pierre Paquette, Gestion et Économie, Collège militaire royal du Canada
291. Kate Parizeau, Geography, University of Guelph
292. Corinne Pastoret, Economics, Laurentian University
293. Viviana Patroni, Social Science, York University
294. Justin Paulson, Sociology and Anthropology, Carleton University
295. Christopher Pavsek, School for the Contemporary Arts, Simon Fraser University
296. Mark Peacock, Social Science, York University
297. Hélène Pellerin , École d’études politiques, Université d’Ottawa
298. Patricia E. Perkins, Environmental Studies, York University
299. Nalini Persram, Social Science, York University
300. Paul Peters, Sociology and Economics, University of New Brunswick
301. Stephen Phillips, Political Science, Langara College
302. Toni Pickard, Faculty of Law, Queen’s University
303. Kelly Pike, Work and Labour Studies, York University
304. Robert Pitter, School of Kinesiology, Acadia University
305. Kari Polanyi Levitt, Economics, McGill University
306. James N. Porter, Sociology, York University
307. Garry Potter, Sociology, Wilfred Laurier University
308. Gillian Poulter, History and Classics, Acadia University
309. Stuart Poyntz, School of Communication, Simon Fraser University
310. Elaine Power, School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen’s University
311. Susan Preston, School of Social Work, Ryerson University
312. Craig Proulx, Anthropology, St. Thomas University
313. Vernon Provencal, History and Classics, Acadia University
314. Scott Prudham, Geography, University of Toronto
315. Norene Pupo, Sociology, York University
316. Jack Quarter, OISE, University of Toronto
317. Martha Radice, Social Anthropology, Dalhousie University
318. Reza Rahbari, Sociology and Equity Studies, York University
319. Momin Rahman, Sociology, Trent University
320. Saeed Rahnema, Political Science and Equity Studies, York University
321. Indhu Rajagopal, Social Science, York University
322. Dennis Raphael, Health Policy and Management, York University
323. Darryl Reed, Social Science, York University
324. Ester Reiter, Liberal Arts, York University
325. Graham Riches, School of Social Work, University of British Columbia
326. Louis-Philippe Rochon, Economics, Laurentian University
327. Cathy Rocke, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
328. Sanda Rodgers, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa
329. Cristina Rojas, Political Science, Carleton University
330. Herman Rosenfeld, Political Science and Labour Studies, York University and McMaster University
331. Abraham Rotstein, Economics, University of Toronto
332. Christian Rouillard, Études politiques, Université d’Ottawa
333. James K. Rowe, School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria
334. Ranjan Roy, Clinical Health Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba
335. Nicholas Ruddick, English, University of Regina
336. Ellen Russell, Digital Media and Journalism, Society, Culture, and Environment, Wilfred Laurier University
337. Blair Rutherford, Sociology and Anthropology, Carleton University
338. Phil Ryan, School of Public Policy and Administration, Carleton University
339. Sherida Ryan, Social Economy Centre, University of Toronto
340. Kim Rygiel, Political Science and the Balsillie School of International Affairs, Wilfrid Laurier University
341. Eric W. Sager, History, University of Victoria
342. Miguel Sanchez, Faculty of Social Work, University of Regina
343. Mark Sandilands, Psychology, University of Lethbridge
344. Rosa Sarabia, Department of Spanish and Portuguese, University of Toronto
345. Anna Saroli, Hispanic Studies, Languages and Literatures, Acadia University
346. Sébastien Savard, School of Social Work, University of Ottawa
347. Todd Scarth, History and Global Political Economy, University of Manitoba
348. Melissa Schaefer, School of Health and Human Services, Camosun College
349. Rebecca Schein, Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies (Human Rights), Carlton University
350. Kelly Scott, Social Work, University of Manitoba
351. Robert Seale, English and Theatre, Acadia University
352. Alan Sears, Sociology, Ryerson University
353. Mario Seccareccia, Economics, University of Ottawa
354. Andrew Secord, Economics, St. Thomas University
355. James Sentence, Economics, University of Prince Edward Island
356. Ardeshir Sepehri, Economics, University of Manitoba
357. John Serieux, Economics, University of Manitoba
358. Yasmine Shamsie, Political Science, Wilfrid Laurier University
359. Ketan Shankerass, Psychology, Wilfrid Laurier University
360. Karena Shaw, School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria
361. John Shields, Politics and Public Administration, Ryerson University
362. Tyler Shipley, Department of International Studies, York University
363. David Shugarman, Political Science, York University
364. Janet Siltanen, Sociology and Political Economy, Carleton University
365. Daniel L. Silver, Jodrey School of Computer Science, Acadia University
366. Jim Silver, Urban and Inner-City Studies, University of Winnipeg
367. Derek Simon, Religious Studies, St. Thomas University
368. John Simoulidis, Business and Society Program, York University
369. Harry Smaller, Faculty of Education, York University
370. Patrick Smith, Political Science, Simon Fraser University
371. John Smithin, Economics and Schulich School of Business, York University
372. Ian Skelton, Department of City Planning, University of Manitoba
373. Russell C. Smandych, Sociology, University of Manitoba
374. Denise L. Spitzer, Institute of Women’s Studies and the Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa
375. Marc Spooner, Faculty of Education, University of Regina
376. Susan Spronk, School of International Development and Global Studies, University of Ottawa
377. Kendra Strauss, Department of Geography, Simon Fraser University
378. Jennifer A. Stephen, History, York University
379. Erin Steuter, Sociology, Mount Allison University
380. Andrew Stevens, Faculty of Business Administration, University of Regina
381. Donald Swartz, School of Public Policy and Administration, Carleton University
382. Karen Swift, Social Work, York University
383. Luc Thériault, Sociology, University of New Brunswick
384. Hugh Thomas, Mathematics, University of New Brunswick
385. Mark Thomas, Sociology, York University
386. Laura A. Thompson, School of Education, Acadia University
387. Sonia R. Thon, Languages and Literatures, Acadia University
388. Suzanne Urbanczyk, Linguistics, University of Victoria
389. Peyman Vahabzadeh, Sociology, University of Victoria
390. Brian VanBlarcom, Economics, Acadia University
391. Anil Varughese, Public Policy and Administration, Carleton University
392. Henry Veltmeyer, Sociology and International Development Studies, Saint Mary’s University
393. J.I. Vorst, Economics, University of Manitoba
394. R.B.J. Walker, Political Science, University of Victoria
395. Glenda Wall, Sociology, Wilfrid Laurier University
396. Margaret Walton-Roberts, School of International Policy and Governance, Balsillie School of International Affairs
397. Rennie Warburton, Sociology, University of Victoria
398. Ailsa M. Watkinson, Faculty of Social Work, University of Regina
399. C.A. Watt, History, St. Thomas University
400. David Welch, École de service social, Université d’Ottawa
401. Donald Wells, School of Labour Studies, McMaster University
402. Emma Whelan, Sociology and Anthropology, Dalhousie University
403. Judy White, Faculty of Social Work, University of Regina
404. Elizabeth Whitmore, School of Social Work, Carleton University
405. Melanie Wiber, Anthropology, University of New Brunswick
406. Sarah Marie Wiebe, Political Science, University of Victoria
407. Carol Williams, Women and Gender Studies, University of Lethbridge
408. Janice Williamson, English & Film Studies, University of Alberta
409. Rob Wilton, Geography & Earth Sciences, McMaster University
410. Mark Winfield, Environmental Studies, York University
411. Tony Winson, Sociology and Anthropology, University of Guelph
412. Heather Whiteside, Geography, University of British Columbia
413. Julia Wong, Sociology, University of Manitoba
414. Lesley Wood, Sociology, York University
415. Andrew Woolford, Sociology, University of Manitoba
416. Thom Workman, Political Science and International Development Studies, University of New Brunswick
417. Feng Xu, Political Science, University of Victoria
418. Matthew G. Yeager, Sociology, King’s University College at Western University
419. Margot Young, Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia
420. David Zakus, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta
421. Anna Zalik, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University
422. Isik U. Zeytinoglu, Management and Industrial Relations, McMaster University

Obert Madondo is an Ottawa-based progressive blogger, and the founder and editor of The Canadian Progressive. Follow him on Twitter.com/Obiemad

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Obert Madondo

Publisher and editor
Obert Madondo is an Ottawa-based independent journalist and progressive political blogger. He's the publisher and editor of The Canadian Progressive.